Link between floods in Pakistan and climate change
The disastrous floods for Pakistan are a “warning signal” for the world on the threats of climate change, sabi pipo don tok.
The record rains will disturb all countries, not just the poorest nations, a climate scientist has told BBC News.
The human impacts are clear – more than 2,000 people were rescued from floodwaters on Friday.
As ministers warn of food shortages after nearly half of di kontri crops were washed away.
They seriously feel a sense of injustice for di kontri. Pakistan contributes less than 1% of global greenhouse gases that warm our planet.
But geography makes climate change extremely risky.
“Let us say, a third of Pakistan is under water right now, we are not crossing all the borders, all the standards that we do not see for the past”
Climate Minister Sherry Rehman started this week.
Location of Pakistan
Pakistan is located at a single location on the globe where it experiences the impact of two major weather systems.
A crisis brings high temperatures and drought, like the March heat wave, and di oda brings monsoon rains.
The majority of Pakistan’s population lives along the Indus River, which swells and can be flooded during monsoon rains. The science linking climate change to more intense monsoons is pretty straightforward. Global warming increases air and sea temperatures, leading to greater evaporation. Warmer air retains more moisture, making monsoon rains more intense. Scientists predict that the average rainfall for the Indian summer monsoon season will increase due to climate change, says Anja Katzenberger of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.
But Pakistan is getting something else that it makes vulnerable to the effects of climate change – huge glaciers. The northern region is sometimes called the “third pole” – it contains more glacial ice and everywhere in the world outside of the polar regions.
As the world warms, glacial ice is melting.
Glaciers in Pakistan’s Gilgit-Baltistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa regions are melting rapidly.
I will create more than 3,000 lakes, the United Nations Development Program told BBC News.
About 33 of these splinters are likely to burst suddenly, they could release millions of cubic meters of water and debris, endangering 7 million pipo.
The Pakistani government and the UN are trying to reduce the risk of flash floods by installing early warning systems and protective infrastructure. In the past, poorer countries with weaker flood defenses or lower quality housing were less able to cope with extreme rainfall.
Impact of climate change
But climate impact expert Fahad Saeed told BBC News that even a wealthy nation was overwhelmed by catastrophic flooding this summer.
“It’s a different kind of animal – the flood scale is so high and the rain is so extreme, even a really big tusk is suitable for the fight”
Dr. Saeed explains from Islamabad, Pakistan. And bin point to the floods for Germany and Belgium which kill a lot of pipo for 2021.
Pakistan receives almost 190% more rain than the 30-year average from June to August, with a total of 390.7 mm. E tok says the Pakistan Meteorological Service is doing a “reasonable” job of warning pipo in advance of floods.
And di kontri gets flood defense, but it needs to be improved, and tok.
Pipo with the smallest carbon footprints na im they suffer the most Dr Saeed tok.
Dr Saeed said the floods were “absolutely a wake-up call” for governments around the world who are pledging to tackle climate change at successive UN climate conferences.
“All of this is happening while the world is not warming by 1.2C – any further warming can be a death sentence for many people in Pakistan,” he added.